Thanksgiving—but how much do you know about America's favorite day to eat turkey?Minnesota is the United States' top turkey-producing state, followed by North Carolina, Arkansas, Missouri, Virginia, Indiana, and California. These "big seven" states produce more than two of every three U.S.-raised birds,
according to U.S. Census Bureau data.
U.S. farmers also produced an estimated 768 million pounds (348 million kilograms) of cranberries in 2012, which, like turkeys, are native to the Americas.
The top producers are Wisconsin and First Thanksgiving Menu—Pass the Passenger Pigeon?
Little is known about the first Thanksgiving dinner in Plimoth (also spelled Plymouth) Colony in October 1621, attended by some 50 English colonists and about 90 Wampanoag Native American men in what is now Massachusetts.
"We don't have a lot of information about what was actually on that table," said Kathleen Wall, culinarian at Plimoth Plantation.
We do know that the Wampanoag killed five deer for the feast, and that the colonists shot various types of wild fowl such as turkey, geese, ducks, quail, or passenger pigeons—which darkened the skies in the millions before going extinct a century ago. Some form, or forms, of Indian corn were also served. "This maize was a new product for them, and they were just learning how to use it,"
Wall explained. "They cooked it into porridges much like modern grits."
Wall said the feasters ate seasonally and likely supplemented their venison and birds with fish, mussels, eels, shorebirds, and nuts, as well as vegetables such as pumpkins, squash, carrots, and peas.
Like many modern holidaymakers confronting a groaning sideboard, the pilgrims were surprised by the amount and variety of food confronting them.
"Almost everyone who came to New England and wrote back [home] talked about the abundance," "Everyone wrote about how rich the country was with fish, fowl, and deer. And the English brought things from their own gardens as well so they could supply themselves for ten months here in New England."
But much of what we consider traditional Thanksgiving fare was unknown at the first Thanksgiving. Potatoes and sweet potatoes hadn't yet become staples of the English diet, for example. And cranberry sauce requires sugar
—an expensive delicacy in the 1600s.
Likewise, pumpkin pie was missing—the first English recipe for the dish doesn't appear until 1654 in Massachusetts.
Long before the first Thanksgiving, American Indians, Europeans, and people from other cultures around the world had often celebrated the harvest season with feasts to offer thanks to higher powers for their sustenance and survival.
In 1541 Spaniard Francisco Vásquez de Coronado and his troops celebrated a "Thanksgiving" while searching for New World gold in what's now the Texas Panhandle.
Later such feasts were held by French Huguenot colonists in present-day Jacksonville, Florida (1564); by English colonists and Abenaki Indians at Maine's Kennebec River (1607); and in Jamestown, Virginia (1610), when the arrival of a food-laden ship ended a brutal famine.
But it's the 1621 Plimoth Thanksgiving that's linked to the birth of our modern holiday. To tell the truth, though, the first "real" Thanksgiving happened two centuries later.
Everything we know about the three-day Plimoth gathering comes from a description in a letter written in 1621 by Edward Winslow, leader of the Plimoth Colony.
The letter had been lost for 200 years and was rediscovered in the 1800s.
FRIDAY AFTERNOON LUNCH CLUB
ANNOUNCING A NEW FELLOWSHIP
FRIDAY LUNCH CLUB
Are you sick and tired of doing the same
old thing on the 2ND Friday of each month ? Eating the same old food?
Looking at the same old walls?
How about coming to a party instead?
Bring a dish to share and join the Friday Supper Club. Bring a family
member, a friend, a neighbor, or just
come and be a friend.
It’s a chance to eat with your friends and church family, do something different, and avoid eating alone.
Coffee, tea, ice water, and table
service will be provided. Bring yourself and your favorite dish to pass.
need a ride or can give a ride, please
call Judy Bovee 381-3939 or the church
office 381-2660 ahead of time.
ADVENT IS HERE !
It is uncertain as to when exactly the celebration of Advent was first introduced in the Christian church. Some sources say that Advent began on November 11 (St Martin's Day)
at some time in the fifth century in the form of a six-week fast leading to Christmas.
Advent was reduced to its current length at some stage in the sixth century and the fasting was later no longer observed.
Advent is originally a time to reflect and prepare for Christmas similarly to how Lent is in preparation for Easter.
Advent has sometimes been referred to as the Winter Lent. In recent times the restrictions that Advent brings to Christians have become more relaxed.
Advent traditions spread from Europe to the United States, especially the Advent calendar, which became very popular in the United States after
World War II as American military personnel and their families who were stationed in Germany brought them home and made them a part of the pre-Christmas traditions.
Some people credit President Dwight Eisenhower with helping the tradition of the Advent calendar spread in the United States during the 1950s.
Purple is historically the main color used for Advent because it reflects penitence, fasting, and the color of royalty to welcome the Advent of the king (Jesus Christ).
The focus of the entire season is the celebration of the birth of Jesus the Christ in his first Advent, and the anticipation of the return of Christ the King in his second Advent.
Some churches use other colors in recent times.
For example, some churches mark the third Sunday of Advent with pink or rose, colors that represent joy.
Many Protestant churches use blue to distinguish the Season of Advent from Lent.
Advent wreaths are symbolic of Advent.
They are usually made of fir and decorated with gold and silver ribbons or scarlet woolen threads.
Lit wreaths may be displayed on the table where family and friends sit while singing carols and preparing handmade gifts.
And their families
All Of Our Graduates Too
May the peace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you.
CHRISTMAS PROGRAM COMING UP
Yes, I said Christmas! The youth will present a Christmas Program during worship on Sunday,
If anyone is interested in participating, see Jody. There will be speaking and
non-speaking parts – youth of all ages are encouraged to participate.
Rehearsals will be on Wednesday, Nov 20 and Wed., Dec 11 from 6:30-8:00pm (this will be
the youth group activity for those in youth group on those Wednesdays).
If any youth are
interested in providing special music for the Christmas program, please see Jody.